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Do You Pay Any Kind Of Income Tax In Monaco?

Monaco, the glittering gem of the French Riviera, offers more than just a luxurious lifestyle and stunning views: it is a haven for individuals seeking favorable tax conditions.

Although the Principality has long since ceased to be a tax haven, and among others, it has a tax on corporate profits, Monaco is a favorite destination for the wealthy because, yes, it has no income tax at all.

However, contrary to popular belief, avoiding taxes in Monaco isn’t as simple as becoming a resident. The new resident, due to the origin and characteristics of his sources of income, may end up paying taxes.

Here is a detailed guide to understanding Monaco’s income tax system.

Personal Income Tax in Monaco

As said, Monaco does not impose a personal income tax on individual earnings: Monegasque residents are not taxed on personal income, including salaries, dividends, interests, capital gains, and director’s fees, all of which are taxed at 0%.

To not pay taxes in Monaco, one must first:

  • obtain administrative status to reside in the country and then;
  • be eligible to request a tax residency certificate.

But it is also important to get the right tax advice, as complications can arise, such as those described in the following section.

Foreign taxes as a Monaco resident

Main article: Monaco taxes for foreigners

However, new residents in Monaco may not be aware of certain intricacies. Monaco has limited double taxation agreements, which could affect those with income sources from countries without such treaties.

For instance, moving residency from France to Monaco could increase withholding taxes on US source dividends from 15% to 30% due to the absence of a tax treaty between Monaco and the US.

Indeed, Monaco has signed many tax information exchange agreements, but not many Double Taxation agreements for avoiding taxation, being the tax treaties in force the following: Guernsey, France, Luxembourg, Mali, Mauritius, Qatar, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles…

Effective tax planning is crucial in these situations to mitigate potential tax liabilities. Additionally, it’s important to consider the specific tax rules and regulations of other jurisdictions,  which have their own set of tax policies on source income.

Besides, Monaco offers several advantageous tax policies, enabling individuals or High-Net-Worth Individuals (HNWIs) to significantly reduce their taxation. These advantages include the following:

  • absence of Controlled Foreign Company (CFC) rules, which means that income from offshore entities may be exempt from taxes;
  • no wealth tax;
  • no effective management rules for foreign companies;
  • and opportunities for trust and foundation planning as well as family offices.

But how to not pay taxes in Monaco?

To be liable not to pay taxes in Monaco as a Monegasque resident, it is necessary to get an administrative residency in Monaco.

Applying for residency in Monaco involves proving a sufficient level of wealth, securing a place to live, and demonstrating a clean criminal record. We outline the step-by-step process to achieve residency, from application to approval in our article “How to become resident in Monaco“.

At this point, it is crucial to get a Monaco Certificate of Domicile for Tax Purposes.

To obtain the aforementioned certificate of tax residence in Monaco a person has to:

  • Prove that he/she holds a valid administrative residence permit or “carte de séjour”;
  • Declare on his or her honor that he or she meets the tax residence criteria, which means have his or her “foyer” in Monaco by spending more than 183 days in the country or having its center of economic interest in Monaco;
  • Prove that he/she occupies a dwelling in Monaco, i.e. prove his/her residence in Monaco during the last year (whether owned, rented, or cohabiting with someone) through utility bills, rental agreements, and other proofs admitted by the Monegasque Law;
  • Provide any other document that may be requested by the Administration if the abovementioned documents are not enough to show a solid residency in the country.

For those aspiring to become residents of Monaco and optimize their taxes while enjoying a luxurious lifestyle, getting an administrative residency and becoming a tax resident is the key.

How to take the first step?

At MonacoAdvisers we have been helping entrepreneurs, high-net-worth individuals, sportsmen (and women), and people from the world of cryptocurrencies to transfer their tax residency to Monaco for years.

Our presence and contacts in Monaco make us an ideal travel partner for this arduous task. So if you have questions about Monaco and would like us to help you with the process, please write to us at [email protected] or through the contact section.

If you are interested in changing your tax residence and are not quite sure which is your ideal destination, we recommend you download for free and read our updated report “The definitive guide to living and paying taxes in Monaco”, available below.

By Marc Cantavella (International tax advisor and wealth planner)

Picture of Andreu Capmajó
Andreu Capmajó

Tax director

Download the free report

"The definitive guide to living and paying taxes in Monaco"
  • Explanation of the tax framework
  • How to get the residency
  • Tips for living in Monaco

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